"She also sought to reinvent her image, and in statues and paintings of that time, she ordered that she be portrayed as a male pharaoh, with a beard and large muscles. In paintings her skin is red-brown, the traditional color for men. As with other kings, she also was portrayed as a sphinx and in the form of Osiris, God of the Dead. Inscriptions refer to her as male and use the titles of king although often with feminine word endings which betrayed the true nature of the kind. One inscription even reads ‘His Majesty, Herself’."
Hatshepsut was an Egyptian queen and pharaoh who reigned from 1504 - 1483 BCE and considered one of the most prolific builders in ancient Egypt, commissioning hundreds of construction projects throughout both Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt, that were grander and more numerous than those of any of her Middle Kingdom predecessors. So who was she? How did she come to power in patriarchal Egypt? What were her built legacies and what happened after her death?
- Times Up, Me Too, & Catherine Deneuve discussion
- Hatshepsut's family lineage & ascension to the throne
- Hatshepsut's own creation myth & building extravaganza
- Hatshepsut's mortuary temple at Deir el Bahari
- An International Style?
- The Expedition to Punt
- Her Legacy
Dunn, Roger (2001). Hatshepsut: A Female King of Egypt and her Architecture. Bridgewater Review, 20(2), 10-14. Available at: http://vc.bridgew.edu/br_rev/vol20/iss2/7
Dorman, P. ed., Bryan, B. ed., Galan, J. ed., (2010). Creativity and Innovation in the Reign of Hatshepsut. University of Chicago, Illinois. Available at: https://oi.uchicago.edu/sites/oi.uchicago.edu/files/uploads/shared/docs/saoc69.pdf